Different Kinds of Elderberry


Elderberry types [species].

Elderberry types
The word elderberry is often used as a general term or a generic name, Species refers to a specific name for a variety of elderberry. Previously there were thought to be over 30 different kinds of elderberry worldwide. This has recently been reduced to 9 labeling a few that had been considered before as different as a subspecies.  Here are four different kinds of elderberry plants you may encounter in the United States.   
  • American elderberry (Sambucus nigra canadensis)
  • European or black elderberry (Sambucus nigra)
  • Red Elderberry (Sambucus racemona var. racemona)
  • Blue Elderberry~pictured above, (Sambucus mexicana or Sambucus nigra var. caerulea)

American elderberry (Sambucus nigra canadensis) This elderberry type is grown mainly in United States and Canada. It is considered to be a different variety of the same genus-species of the European elderberry and current research on the American Elderberry indicates that it may actually contain more of the anthocyanin's and polyphenols thought to give elderberry its health benefits. 

Examples of older elderberry varieties and release date ‘Adams 1’, ‘Adams 2’ (1926) ‘Ezyoff’ (1934)  ‘York’ (1964) – ‘Johns’ (1954) –  ‘Kent’ (1957) ‘Nova’ (1959) ‘Scotia’ (1959) ‘Victoria’ (1957)

Examples of new elderberry varieties (more suited to Midwest) Wyldewood (2010)  Bob Gordon (2011) 

 

European or black elderberry (Sambucus nigra)  Is common in hedgerows in Ireland and England and cultivated for commercial use throughout Europe. This is the type that the most medical research has been done on. More of a tree than a shrub, does not adapt well to North America. Although it has been known to grow in southern regions.  Examples ‘Allesso’ ,‘Korsor’, & Samdal’ 

 

RED ELDERBERRY (Sambucus racemona var. racemona) Native to Europe but found in United States and Canada. Used primarily as an ornamental plant.   Examples ~ Black Lace' burgundy foliage. 'Lemon Lace' — golden yellow and green foliage. 'Lemony Lace' — golden green foliage, with red new growth. &  'Sutherland Gold' — green foliage, with bronze new growth 

 

Blue elderberry (S. caerulea) Is also known as the Mexican Elderberry. This elderberry type is native to northwest coast of the United States, northwestern Mexico, and British Colombia. Has been known to survive in parts of TX, OK, WY, and MT.  Often used as ornamental plant. The blue berries have a white powder like coating. Medicinal qualities are unknown.  

 

No type of elderberry should be consumed raw or without first checking with your Doctor.

Are you considering growing the elderberry? Read this to see how many you should plant.

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Delicious!

I added the Herbs to the Elderberry and it's wonderful! I bought a canning funnel to use with the muslin cloth and it works great.. I love the option to add in Licorice, Lemon, Echinacea and Ginger. The Elder Echo tisane is fabulous. Will be ordering again.

The Best Elder Berries on the Market

Elderberry Edge Farm has the best elderberries we have ever used. They are clean, no bad ones, healthy looking. We will be using more of these in the future.

Fabulous High Quality Elderberries

Excellent customer service, wonderful elderberries, I'm enjoying my homemade syrup! Will be ordering again, super helpful in answering questions and I love the tea sampler - will order again.

Elderberry Treasure!

Shannon's customer service is superb and she anticipates needs and makes thoughtful recommendations. Fast service, excellent product, incredible value for the price and she has gained a lifetime customer. I love my organic homemade syrup sans chemicals, the muslin bag is wonderful. I appreciated the tea sample and will be ordering her lovely tea along with the fabulous Elderberries. So thankful for finding her and it's a privilege to support her small business and Farm.

Elderberry w/Jasmine Green Tea

I always add one tbsp of Elderberries to my Jasmine Green Tea...this combo tends to help our body's immune system !..............and a dab of honey adds to the flavor of this combo...try it !